Maniltoa browneoides

Author: Harms

Morphological description (browneoides Man Bl18 f6 )
Tree 9-30 m high and 12-40 cm in diameter; buttresses 1 m high, 1 m wide and 3 cm thick (browneoides Manil view 139534; browneoides Manil tree 431669 ). Growth flush-wise, flushes developing from large buds. Buds covered by 2-ranked, brown, caducous budscales with lengthwise veins; new leaves developing in bright white or pink tassels (browneoides Manil flush 428830 ). Stipules only found together with the limp young leaves, 1.7-2.2 cm long, caducous, leaving no scars.

Leaves paripinnate, (2- or)3- or 4-jugate; rachis 5.5-21 cm, puberulous, glabrescent; petiole 1-2 cm, rugose. Leaflets sessile, opposite, ovate, elliptic, ovate-oblong, or oblong, 4.5-20 by 3-8 cm; apex mostly more or less acuminate, tip usually obtuse and emarginate; base conspicuously auriculate on the basiscopic side.

Rachis of the inflorescence 14-25 mm, puberulous or pubescent, glabrescent; bracts 4-6 cm, sericeous, glabrescent; bracteoles 1.3-1.9 cm long, at c. 3 mm above the base of pedicel; pedicels 1.6-3.4 mm, puberulous, glabrescent.

Flower : Hypanthium 1.5-2.5 mm deep. Sepals 13-18 mm, sometimes with a few hairs near the tip. Petals 11-19 mm long. Disk absent. Stamens 60-80; filaments 17-29 mm, connate over 2-4 mm at the base; anthers apiculate. Ovary 1.5-3 cm long, slightly to distinctly hairy; stipe 3-4 mm; style 15-17 mm.

Fruits 2.2-2.5 by 1.2-1.3 by 1.1 cm, breaking off above the stipe.

Malesia : New Guinea: Irian Jaya (Jayapura, Digul), Papua New Guinea (Central and Northern Provinces).

Habitat & Ecology
Rather common, in rain forest, usually in swampy places, secondary forest, 0-75 m altitude, once at 400 m altitude. Flowering in March, and September-November; fruiting in April, and September.

Cultivated specimens seen from Java, Kangean I., and N Sumatra.