Maniltoa basifoliola

Author: Verdcourt

Morphologica description
Tree up to 30 m tall and 45 cm in diameter. Growth flush-wise, flushes developing from large buds. Buds covered by 2-ranked, brown, caducous budscales with lengthwise veins; new leaves developing in bright white or pink tassels. Stipules present in the buds, very tender, caducous immediately after the unfolding of the bud, leaving hardly any scar.

Leaves (basifoliola Maniltia TYPE leaf )paripinnate, 2-jugate; rachis 3-15 cm and petiole 0.3-1.5 cm, both glabrous; petiolules (0-)4-10 mm, g;abrous. Leaflets opposite, asymmetric, oblong-elliptic, obovate, broadly elliptic, 8.5-18.5 by 4-8.5(-10.5) cm; apex rotund or obtuse; base unequally cuneate, rarely obtuse or rounded; midrib 2-4 cm from the upper margin.

Inflorescences (basifoliola Maniltoa TYPE infl )1-4 in axils of leaves or leaf-scars, sessile, racemose, contracted, rachis 3-7 mm, glabrous, 10-20-flowered; bracts broad-ovate or -reniform, 5-8 mm long; bracteoles oblong-naviculiform or obovate-oblong, 3.5-7 mm long; pedicels 5-13 mm.

Flowers bisexual. Hypanthium 3-5 mm deep, funnel-shaped (rarely tubular) enveloping the ovary and then splitting lengthwise as the fruit ripens. Sepals 4 (or 5), oblong-ovate, 3-6 mm long, reflexed. Petals 5, linear-spathulate, free, 5-8 mm long, glabrous. Disk absent.Stamens 17-25; filaments 16-21 mm. very shortly connate at base;anthers medi-dorsifix, lengthwise introrsely dehiscent, 1-2 mm long, very often separate below the insertion of the filament, mostly apiculate at apex. Ovary c. 4 mm long, glabrous, 1(or 2)-ovuled, stipitate; stipe 1.2-6 mm; style at last ± straight, up to 15 mm.

Fruits woody, compressed oblong-ovoid or -ellipsoid, 9-10 by 4.2-5 cm, light brownish, indehiscent.

Seeds oblong, slightly kidney-shaped, 6.5-6.7 by 2.1-2.9 cm; cotyledons smooth, semi-globular.

Malesia: Aru Islands, Irian Jaya (Vogelkop and Jayapura), Papua New Guinea (West Sepik and Madang Provinces).

Habitat & Ecology
Forests, up to 150 m altitude. Flowering and fruiting in April.