Crudia bantamensis

Author: (Hasskarl) Bentham

Morphological description (bantamensis Crudia all K&V15 )
Tree to 16 m high and 15(-35) cm in diameter. Stipules intrapetiolar, 3.5-4.5 mm long.

Leaves (bantamensis Crudia lf/inf K&V15 ) (1 or) 2 (or 3)-foliolate (usually one leaflet early shed and two persistent), shortly petioled; petiole and rachis 0.5-2.5 cm long; petiolules 1.5-5 mm, glabrous. Leaflets chartaceous, subcoriaceous or coriaceous, obovate- or elliptic-oblong, or oblanceolate, 12-24 by 4-6.5(-9) cm; apex acute, abruptly or gradually, shortly acuminate, sometimes rounded to subemarginate; base acute, obtuse or rotund, often symmetric; glabrous above, minutely, loosely, appressed puberulous, glabrescent (or almost glabrous except on the midrib) beneath; nerves 5-7 per side.

Inflorescences axillary, up to 45 cm long, pendulous, the rachis puberulous, rather densely flowered; bracts 2-3.5 mm long, ovate or triangular, or 3-lobed at about the upper 1/3 (the middle lobe redivided into a 3-pointed fork), puberulous, glabrescent, often minutely ciliate on the margin; bracteoles 2, opposite, small, ovate or triangular, 0.35-0.75 mm long, puberulous on both surfaces, glabrescent, usually persistent; pedicels 1-2 mm, articulated at the apex, puberulous (bantamensis Crudia infl K&V15 ).

Flowers white, yellowish white, or pale green, loosely puberulous outside, glabrescent, glabrous inside. Hypanthium shortly cupular, c. 1.5 mm long. Calyx lobes elliptic or ovate, 3-4 by 1.5-2 mm. Stamens 8-10; filaments up to c. 12 mm, glabrous; anthers ellipsoid, 0.75 mm long. Pistil stipitate; stipe c. 1 mm long, free, glabrous; ovary c. 3 mm long, 3-5-ovuled; style 6-8 mm, glabrous, recurved; stigma minute, round, discoid.

Pods (bantamensis Crudia pod K&V15 ) oblong, ovate or broadly elliptic, 4-9 by 2-4 cm long, rugose, slightly beaked, dehiscing into 2 crooked, rather thin valves, 1-4-seeded.

Seeds slightly reniform, or irregularly rounded, 3-3.75 by 1.75-3 cm, rather smooth.

Malesia: W Java and Borneo (Sabah and Kalimantan).

Habitat & Ecology
Lowland forest, up to 350 m altitude, scattered, sometimes locally common. Fl. January, February, July-September, December; fr. July, September, December

1. - Hasskarl (1885: 202) based his new species Touchiroa? bantamensis on living plants cultivated in the Botanical Garden Bogor, without designating the type. Dr Elizabeth Widjaja (in litt.) informed Ding Hou (1996: 579) that there is no herbarium specimen of that species made by Hasskarl in BO. For the type of this species, de Wit (1950: 415) appointed the specimen collected in March 1925, by an unknown collector, from a tree originating from a Hasskarl collection from Bantam (W Java) in 1841, and cultivated in the Botanical Garden Bogor, under the number of I-i-38, as cited in the Synoyms Tab.

2. - This species is said to be found often in West Java. Fischer (1932: 73) reported one collection of it from Sabah (Arsat 124, SAN). Hou (1996: 579) did not see this specimen. Recently the species was found in East Kalimantan (Wanariset): Ambri & Arifin W845, L). Cultivated in Java (Hort. Bog., sub no. I-B-5a, I-I-38 & 38a).